Significant Effects of fall in A Currency Affect the Country’s Economy
When exchange rates float freely, as in the vast majority of developed nations, price swings in one currency inevitably feed into the economy of another. The performance of an economy, inflation expectations, interest rate differentials, capital flows, and other factors all have a role in determining the value of one currency compared to another. The health of a country’s economy is a significant factor in determining the value of its currency. This means that the value of a currency can change at any given time.
Major Effects on the Value of Currency
The majority of individuals ignore currency conversion rates since they rarely utilize them. Most people use their home money for their day-to-day transactions. The importance of exchange rates is rarely felt outside of rare circumstances.
The Effect of Currency on the Economy
The value of a currency affects the economy in the following ways:
Commerce of Goods
This term describes the flow of goods into and out of a country. A weaker currency generally raises the cost of imported goods while encouraging exports by making them more affordable to buyers in other countries. An unstable currency can have long-term effects on a country’s trade balance, either boosting or lowering import and export prices.
Let’s say you’re a U.S. exporter selling widgets to a European buyer for $10 each. It’s currently $1.25 for every €1. That means the price per widget for your European customer is €8.
Lessen the Load of National Debt
If a government has a large amount of sovereign debt that must be paid regularly, it may be incentivized to promote a weak currency policy. If interest rates and principal amounts on debt remain fixed, a decline in the currency’s value reduces the actual cost of servicing that debt.
Consider a government so deeply in debt that it must pay interest on its loans at $1,000,000 monthly. However, if the value of that $1 million in notional payments drops, it will be easier to make the interest payments. In our hypothetical scenario, a devaluation of the native currency to half its initial value would reduce the value of the $1 million debt payment to $500,000.
Once again, caution is advised when employing this strategy. Most countries worldwide have some debt outstanding, so a currency war that drives down prices might be started if interest rates on foreign debt were to fall. Also, if the target country holds a lot of foreign bonds, this strategy won’t work because it will drive up the cost of the interest payments on those bonds.
Economies can pursue policy goals via currency devaluations. Currency depreciation helps countries increase exports, reduce trade imbalances, and save money on interest payments for their massive debt loads. However, devaluations do have specificunfavorable outcomes. As a result, asset markets may decline, and economic downturns may be triggered.